Biology

Course Overview

Biology is the second section of the IMAT exam. It assess the candidates general understanding of basic biological concepts such as life, homeostasis, the cell, reproduction, mutations and anatomy.

Total number of questions: 18

Live streaming hours: 12h


Syllabus

1. The chemistry of living things

  • The biological importance of weak interactions
  • Organic molecules in organisms and their respective functions
  • The role of enzymes

2. The cell as the basis of life

  • Cell theory
  • Cell size
  • Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, animal and plant cells
  • Viruses
  • The structure and function of the cell
  • The cell membrane and transport across it
  • Cellular structures and their specific functions
  • Cell cycle and cell division
  • Mitosis and meiosis
  • Chromosomes and chromosome maps

3. Bioenergetics

  • The energy currency of cells: ATP
  • Redox reactions in living things
  • Glycolysis, aerobic respiration and fermentation
  • Photosynthesis

4. Reproduction and Inheritance

  • Life cycles
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Mendelian genetics: Mendel’s laws and their applications
  • Classical genetics: chromosomal theory of inheritance and inheritance patterns
  • Molecular genetics: structure and replication of DNA, the genetic code, protein synthesis
  • Prokaryotic DNA
  • Eukaryotic chromosome structure
  • Genes and regulation of gene expression
  • Human genetics: mono and multifactorial character transmission; hereditary diseases – autosomal and linked to chromosome X
  • Biotechnology: recombinant DNA technology and its applications

5. Inheritance and environment

  • Mutations
  • Natural and artificial selection
  • Evolutionary theories
  • The genetic basis for evolution

6. Anatomy and physiology of animals and humans

  • The animal tissues
  • Anatomy and physiology of systems in humans and their interactions
  • Homeostasis

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